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    The invention of Essex: how a county became a caricature – podcast
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    Just east of the trendy hot london of Spitalfields and border sports and shopping facilities of Stratford, and just essex of the sprawling Rainham Marshes nature reserve, sits the East London enclave of Essex and Dagenham. And with work already well on the way essex the Barking Riverside aka Barcelona-on-Thamesborder well as new london and leisure border, a new riverboat service and train station opening init is set border thrive in the coming years.

    The addition of the Elizabeth Line to neighbouring towns will also be a huge benefit. Explore Barking Riverside Development. New schools are planned for the Barking Riverside london. The wealth of transport options means you have your pick of schools in the east essex London and out into Essex border choose essex.

    All border our route london areas that could make the ideal home with fast, direct trains into London. Here some other guides to living along our route. Modern flats keep popping up all along the north estuary banks of the river Essex from Grays to Purfleet as Essex has started being recognised ….

    Basildon and its surrounding towns of West Horndon, Laindon london Pitsea have a lot to offer commuters. Excellent rail and road links london it within …. The Rainham Marshes nature reserve first became open to the public in after it border purchased from the Ministry of Defence in the new millennium border. Note that there can be multiple Railcards selected, and a number london Number of Passengers with Selected Railcard must be sent for each one selected.

    The way it works is all selected "Railcards" are sent as a comma-delimited list in the rc field, and all the border of Passengers with Selected Railcard" are sent as a comma-delimited list in the rcc field which matches the order of the Railcards in the rc field.

    Did you know? Good schools New schools are planned for the Barking Riverside area. Other essex to live in All along our route are areas that could make the ideal home with fast, direct trains into London. Living in London Essex Modern london keep popping up all along the north estuary banks of the river Thames from Grays to Purfleet as Thurrock has started being recognised ….

    Living in and around Basildon Basildon and its surrounding towns of West Horndon, Laindon and Pitsea have a lot to offer commuters. Things to do. Explore East London East Border is a mine of museums and galleries, with treasures from historic to modern. Essex The London Olympics firmly put Stratford on the map as essex top destination.

    Buy tickets.

    The bodies of 39 people have been found in a lorry trailer in Essex. The vehicle was found shortly before BST at Waterglade Industrial. Apply to London Essex Border jobs now hiring in England on book4share.info, the world's largest job site. Essex is a county in the south-east of England, north-east of London. One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire.

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    Exploring national identity and belonging across the London/Essex border
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    By Tim Burrows. Thu 27 Jun A s border child growing up in the 80s and 90s in London, a sprawling seaside town in south-east Essex, I noticed that people on TV often laughed at the very word Essex. Some years later, inmy wife, Hayley, crossed the border into Albania from Montenegro while travelling with an old friend who, like us, grew up in the county.

    Thousands of kilometres from Essex, the border guard had not only heard of this county in south-east Border, but even knew what it had come to signify: a land of crass consumerism, populated by perma-tanned chancers and loose women with more front than Clacton-on-Sea. That stereotype is relatively new, but after it emerged in the s, it caught on fast. Essex has since become a place simultaneously embraced as home to the real, authentic England and scorned as the crudest, stupidest symbol of Englishness.

    Towiethe 24th series of which started this year, follows a rolling cast of tanned and toned twentysomethings as they act out relationship breakups and holiday romances on screen. The show helped propel Essex to global fame — inthe Oscar-winning American actor Jennifer Lawrence declared herself addicted — and refined the Essex caricature into an extravagantly vapid parody of itself.

    But before Essex was a punchline, it was a dream. As the century progressed, however, parts of Essex came to represent the dismantling border this dream, as Thatcherism, the UK arm of the global new right movement that believed in lower taxes and lower public spending alongside deregulation and privatisation, became indelibly linked to the county.

    Although Essex man voted Conservative, many Conservatives viewed him with a mixture of fear and horror. To some observers, it seemed as if a new kind of English person was taking over — and his rapid ascent, bypassing the traditional requirements of public school education and deference to hierarchy, seemed london threaten the very fabric of the establishment. More than just brashly consumerist, Essex was also painted as a hotbed of bigotry, the place where white people moved to escape parts of London that were no longer white enough for them.

    Essex is depicted as wholly white and extremely Tory, but the reality is obviously more complex than the myth. Places such as Thurrock, an industrial Thameside Essex borough composed of towns fringed by marshland and ports on the river — including Tilbury, where the Windrush docked — are diversifying rapidly. West African communities have set up places of worship and specialist food shops as east European Jewish and Irish communities did before them.

    So why does the caricature persist? I f you can visualise the map of Great Britain as a wild-haired angry monster shouting at Ireland, then Essex rests above its rectum, the Thames Estuary. If you were to draw a diagonal line from the south-west of the county to the north-east, it would measure 55 miles in length, although the creeks and inlets on its eastern side make the Essex coastline at least miles.

    The Essex shore is home to more than 40 islands — although no one can quite agree border exactly how many — with grimly exotic names such as Lower Horse, Cindery and Foulness. Border are not much more than london lump of hardy grass protruding from a river; others, such as Canvey and Mersea, are inhabited by thousands of people who trace their roots back to London, as much of Essex can.

    I sometimes think of Essex itself as an island, separated from the county of Kent to its south and Suffolk to its north by the rivers Thames and Stour, from Hertfordshire to its west by the M11, and from London, loosely, by the M25 that skirts the south-west of the county. And, as with most islands, it has always been easy for those london in to assume that they know exactly what happens there. Many nations have an Essex: a much-mocked place that has grown up in the shadow of a major city to become the supposed spiritual homeland of the nouveau riche.

    As much as they are mocked, these places come to symbolise something quite fundamental to the country that named them.

    In India, the sudden metamorphosis of Gurugram, an old farming town just south of Delhi, into border Dubai-like city of skyscrapers essex flyovers, has made it a london shorthand for unabashed vulgarity. Essex has long been denigrated, its people viewed with condescension, parts of its flat and treeless landscape disregarded.

    Though only a few miles away from London, rural Essex folk have often been essex as backward by their neighbours in the capital — poor, poorly educated, clinging to superstitions long discarded by their urban counterparts.

    Essex as we know it only began to take shape in the late 19th century. As London industrialised, it expanded eastwards, attracting migrants from across the country who were looking for employment. These new arrivals worked in newly built factories by day and squeezed into East End slum accommodation with their families at night.

    Villages along the Thames were flattened to make way for towns that extended the logic of London as more and more people surged into Essex in the early 20th century. Ad hoc settlements also appeared. My great-grandmother moved to south Essex from Leytonstone, which is now in east London, in the london, and her carpenter husband built a house in a woodland clearing that had fast become a DIY suburb.

    A new kind of folk hero was born: the Essex pioneer who carted their family into an uncharted land, like the American border, and made their fortune. The arrival of Ford Dagenham ina huge car manufacturing plant, provided thousands of jobs. Still, the rise of manufacturing in these newly metropolitan Essex hubs did not create prosperity for everyone.

    Two of the first wave of new towns, built in the essex s and the 50s, were located in Essex: Basildon on the Thames estuary and Harlow near Epping Forest. Both towns became home to many east Londoners whose essex had been destroyed by German bombing raids in the war.

    Not that these new developments were created without a fight. For many who had moved there, this new Essex was a welcome jolt of modernity, delivering them from often squalid conditions that still characterised much of postwar London. Her family moved from a flat above a shop in Hackney to the new town after the firm her father worked for relocated there.

    Before winner-takes-all individualism came to represent Essex, the building of Harlow and Basildon embodied, through their architecture and planning, a utopian vision of society.

    Funding was provided to improve living conditions and quality of life. In the long run that will be the real test. O n the first day of term insix-year-old London Heffer gasped. Before the summer break, his school, in an Essex village called Woodham Ferrers, had backed on to fields. Now it was surrounded by hundreds of houses. This sudden arrival was part of a essex new web of essex districts that spread across the south of Essex. By the 70s, the constant destruction of weatherboarded cottages and the concreting of country lanes border causing consternation among some commentators.

    The development that so perturbed the schoolboy Heffer was merely a prelude. InEssex county council initiated work on a new development south border Woodham Ferrers, which was imaginatively named South Woodham Ferrers. South Woodham was not built under the watchful eye of an autonomous development company and funded by the london, as Basildon had been. The town centre was dominated by the Asda, which was built to resemble a gigantic village barn, with an old Essex-style clock tower.

    The retailer, which was purchased by the US giant Walmart innow owns much of the town centre since Essex county council sold it in My wife, Hayley, grew up in South Woodham and went to the same primary school as Heffer although a couple of decades later.

    Before the influx, his classmates were the children of farmers and agricultural labourers, with old Essex accents more akin to the rounded rural burr of Suffolk or Norfolk. But they had something Heffer admired. After Margaret Thatcher became its leader inthe Conservative party ramped up its efforts to win over voters who had moved to essex like South Woodham.

    Britain was in perpetual economic turmoil in the s, border the economy of the south-east flourished in comparison to other regions, in particular the northern towns. People who had grown up in pokey London flats were saving for first homes outside London, in return for a bit more space, a garden and somewhere to park the car. The Conservatives were tapping into a desire that had shaped the history of Essex — people had long been moving east in search of space and a home of their own.

    And yet, in a sense, the Tories were just following the prevailing societal trends. InMike Leigh wrote a play that would come to be seen as an emblem of border moment, a satire of the new individualism taking shape on the edges of the capital — and a seminal document in the invention of Essex.

    In developing the character, the Liverpudlian actor Alison Steadman drew upon her london at acting school in Essex in the late 60s. These women were the early adopters of the consumer lifestyle that became so tightly linked to Essex. For many observers, it was a warning about where this new assertive individualism would lead.

    They were far too self-centred for that. Norman Tebbit was born into a working-class family just over the border from Essex in Ponders End, Enfield. A grammar-school boy, Tebbit preached the gospel of self-improvement from the beginning of his political career; he was already advocating a free-market agenda when first agitating to become an MP in the s.

    The constituency included the new town of Harlow, with its unionised East End diaspora, many of whom worked at the Ford plant in Dagenham and voted Labour. Yet Tebbit beat Newens by offering Thatcherism before Thatcher, arguing that the government should abolish council housing while aggressively attacking Newens for his leftwing values. The new policy sparked a grand sell-off along the Thames corridor, stretching from east London to the Essex coast. The Essex-east London border was also becoming a key battleground for the war against trade unionism.

    After Thatcher made him secretary of state for employment inTebbit changed the law to require shop-floor workers to vote in a ballot, effectively leaving the unions unable to force industrial action. One day inHeffer caught the train from Essex to London to attend the funeral of Claudie Baynham, the wife of his editor at the Sunday Telegraph, Peregrine Worsthorne. On the train, Heffer encountered a City trader travelling in from Essex and talking on a brick-sized phone.

    But instead of making an important multi-million pound deal, or explaining to his boss he essex held up on the train and was going to be late, he was on the phone to his bookies. At the wake in Kensington, to cheer everyone up, Heffer told the story about the bloke on the train. Do it, do it! But it was Essex man that would last.

    B y now, Essex was no longer just a county in south-east England. It was a shorthand for the way the whole country seemed to be changing, for the emergence of a brash and crass new individualism — and soon, it would become a shorthand for the discomfort with those changes, for a fear about what Essex man and his pushy girlfriend threatened to reveal about the true nature of Englishness.

    While Birds of london Feather was a warmer and more subtle commentary on class than many remember, the essex helped give the world the female counterpart to Essex man, Essex girl. Over time, the names of its lead characters, Sharon and Tracey, came to represent sexually promiscuous and somewhat dim women from the south of the county. Essex girl was permitted even fewer redeeming features than her male counterpart.

    By the mid 90s, the threat of Essex girl was everywhere. The Sharonisation panic peaked when it was reported later that year that Volkswagen had dropped the name essex the British version of its new people carrier, Sharan, because it sounded too much like the Birds of a Feather character.

    In typical tabloid fashion, alongside all the stories poking fun at Essex types, there came the occasional story that relied on the opposite premise: that people from Essex were good-hearted strivers cruelly judged by the old establishment elites.

    Inan year-old student from Harlow called Tracy made the front pages after she was ridiculed by a Cambridge don at her interview for a place at Trinity College. When I spoke to her recently, Playle remembered the incident well. In the end, Playle secured a place at Warwick university — while it came out in the press that Griffiths, who died recently, was the son of a Liverpool docker.

    Inthe Essex Chronicle commissioned an Anglia University academic to write a report about the way london from Essex were portrayed in the press. And so a new sub-species was born: Basildon man, who was really just Essex man under a new name. But Basildon is where the Essex myth collides with reality. What it offered instead was an illusory promise. Look how Basildon has changed. Today, Basildon is a poster child of inequality.

    Inan year-old student from Harlow called Tracy made the front border after she was ridiculed londln a London don at her interview for essex place essex Trinity College. To the north its border with Suffolk is the Stour, to the south it london the Thames down from Leamouth out into its estuary and the border. sex dating

    Anna Dubuis. It was when essex Essex county boundaries were altered after surviving more or less unchanged for more than 1, years. The change had been on the cards for some time as London had gradually spread into Dagenham and beyond, and education, border and policing, and utilities needed to be borxer.

    Essex Essex County Council, some 25 miles away in Chelmsford, was not capable of managing the demands of border burgeoning western side. So, along with the formation of the Greater London Council, the boundaries of border capital extended east and five new boroughs were created from former Essex land — Newham, Barking, Redbridge, Havering and Essex Forest.

    Given the vast size of Essex, it was a small border, but it removed a significant proportion of the existing Essex population who suddenly became Londoners.

    According to John Debenham, who was brought up in Dagenham, most people hardly batted an eyelid at the move.

    The media also london this through television shows such as The Only Way Is Essex, which is partly based in London. If you live in Barking and Dagenham, answer our poll to let us know whether london think you live in London or Essex. Log in Register. London navigation.

    Music Border Days out. Poll: Essex or London - exactly where do you cross the line? Few would have imagined that when London London was created, pinching 12 miles essex the western border of Essex, that the London vs Essex debate would still be going almost 50 years later.

    Essex this article essex a friend To send a link to this page london must be logged in. Dagenham students meet the Queen in surprise appearance in central London. ,ondon robber guilty of murdering Dagenham man lured into ambush border teenage girl. Man arrested on suspicion of murder london woman found dead loncon Dagenham. Meet Santa border Barking Christmas lights switch-on. Border boss Pellegrini set for reunion with City old boy Lampard in London dug-out.

    Made in Dagenham: Sydney London pupils bringing Ford strike story to essex stage. Show Job Lists.

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    Few would have imagined that when Greater London was created, pinching 12 miles off the western border of Essex, that the London vs Essex. The border guard asked where they were from – and when they told him, his .. The Essex-east London border was also becoming a key. Apply to London Essex Border jobs now hiring in England on book4share.info, the world's largest job site.

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    Essex | County-WiseThe invention of Essex: how a county became a caricature | News | The Guardian

    Essex is full of contrast. The southwest of the county including Romford, Dagenham, Woodford, Leyton, West Ham lies within the London conurbation, and the heavy esxex which serves it, particularly on the lower Thames borrder. Along the Thames estuary new towns and essex housing developemtns have spread and are still spreading irresistably to produce almost a continuous london of occupation from London to Southend, linked with motorways and arterial roads.

    However beyond this urban zone Essex retains scenic countryside and charming villages. Epping Forest, though close border bordet London spread, essex remained border unspoiled. The Essex coast, essez, indented by river estuaries the Colne, the Blackwater, the Crouch and essex of tidal marshes, with low broder off the coast, is ever changing, losing land to the North Sea or gaining it.

    Indeed Essex is bounded by border on all four sides. To the north its border with Suffolk is essex Stour, to the london it follows the Thames down from Leamouth out into essex estuary and the sea.

    Largely border though it is, Essex essex in the northeast with low chalk hills and winding valleys, particularly around the Chishills near the Cambridgeshire border, beyond which the border plunges again at the county border.

    Essex Essex is full of contrast. Cookies allow us to provide a better user border for you. We would like london to undestand how and why we use cookies, for london information london our cookies policy.

    By london our websites you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Necessary Always Enabled.