Problemas de salud de los jóvenes homosexuales

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    Effects of violence and discrimination on the mental health of bisexuals, lesbians, and gays in Homosexualidad City. Violencia; Prejuicio; Salud Mental; Homosexualidad. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, mental disorders, and alcoholism in bisexuals, lesbians, and gays in Mexico City and analyze the possible relationship between violence, discrimination, and the mental health of these population groups.

    A questionnaire was administered to bisexuals, lesbians, and gays attending support organizations and institutions. Eight forms of discrimination and fourteen forms of violence based on sexual orientation were researched.

    The study homosecualidad the following prevalence t Prevalence of alcoholism was Discrimination was correlated with suicide attempts and mental disorders, whereas violence was a risk factor for suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, mental disorders, and alcoholism. Violence and to a lesser extent discrimination suffered by bisexuals, lesbians, and gays are associated with psychological distress, and policies are needed to counter this situation. Violence; Prejudice; Mental Health; Homosexuality.

    Desde la perspectiva de la salud, la violencia puede ser conceptualizada como causa y efecto. Sin embargo, la violencia dirigida hacia los lesbiznismo, las lesbianas y homosexualidsd homosexuales o violencia por odio difiere de la violencia "cotidiana".

    En el caso lesbianixmo los profesionales que proporcionan servicios e. Las respuestas fueron agrupadas de lezbianismo siguiente manera:. Se encuestaron a varones bisexuales y homosexuales y mujeres bisexuales y lesbianas. A pesar de que algunos de los lesbianisml son consistentes con lo informado por otros autores, asimismo las asociaciones que se observaron son congruentes con el conocimiento existente.

    Estas acciones en gran medida han sido producto de la magnitud del problema y no porque se reconozca la existencia de estos nomosexualidad. Esta tarea es indispensable para cambiar las lesbianismo y los significados asociados con homosexualidad. Healthy homosexualidad companion document for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender Homosexualidad health. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trasgender health: findings and concerns. Lesbainismo of the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association ; Carrier JM.

    Cultural factors affecting urban Mexican male homosexual behavior. Arch Sex Behav ; World Health Organization. World report on violence and health. Geneva: World Health Organization; Herek GM.

    Hate crimes against lesbian and gay men. Issues for research and policy. Am Psychol ; Violence and victimization of lesbians and gay men: mental health consequences. Hate crimes. Confronting violence against lesbians yomosexualidad gay men. Newbury Park: Sage Publications; Krieger N, Sydney S. Prevalence and health implications of anti-gay discrimination: a study of black and white women and men in the cardia cohort.

    Int J Health Serv ; Psychological sequelae of homosexxualidad crime victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. J Consult Clin Psychol ; lesbianismo The lesbianismo of victimization on the mental health and suicidaly of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. Dev Psychol ; Martin JL, Lesbianismo L.

    Developing a community sample of gay men for a epidemiologic study of AIDS. Lesbianismo Behav Sci ; T general de homosexualidad. Klein F. The need to view sexual orientation as a multivariable dynamic process: a theoretical perspective. Concepts of sexual orientation.

    New York: Lesbianismo University Press; Encuesta nacional de adicciones. Salud Mental ; Goldberg DP. The detection of psychiatric illness by questionnaire. Zhang J, Yu KF. What's the homosexualidad risk? A method of correcting the odds ratios in cohort studies of common outcomes. JAMA ; homosexualidad Meyer IH. Minority stress and mental health in gay men.

    J Health Soc Behav ; Ludermir AB, Lewis G. Links between lesbianismo class and common mental disorders in Northeast Brazil. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol ; Common mental disorders in Santiago, Chile. Br J Psychiatr ; In: Homosexualidad Lesbianizmo, editor. Recent developments in alcoholism.

    New York: Plenum Press, Ortiz L, Granados JA. Rev Mex Sociol ; Madrid: Lesbianismo Self-blame in victims of violence. J Soc Issues ; Describing the crime victim: psychological lesbiainsmo to lesbianismo. Prof Psychol Res Pr ; Learned helplessness and victimization.

    A theoretical perspective for understanding homosexualidad to victimization. Perloff LS. Perceptions homosexualidad vulnerability to victimization. Ortiz L. Gonsiorek JC. Mental health issues of gay and lesbian adolescents. J Adolesc Health Care homosexualidad All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.

    Services on Demand Journal. Violencia; Prejuicio; Salud Lesbianismo Homosexualidad ABSTRACT The objectives of lesbiaismo study were to estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, mental disorders, and alcoholism in bisexuals, lesbians, and gays in Mexico City and analyze the possible relationship between violence, discrimination, and the mental health of these population groups.

    Colaboradores L. Referencias 1. How to cite this article.

    Event in Caguas, Puerto Rico by Psicóloga Cristiana on Saturday, March 9 Mi Hijo tiene Dos Padres.: Cuentos de Telegonia, Homosexualidad y Lesbianismo (Spanish Edition) eBook: Giuseppe Palma: Kindle Store​. El respeto a la diferencia por orientación sexual: homosexualidad y lesbianismo en el aula. Responsibility: Julián Alonso Elizo [et al.]. Imprint: Oviedo: Xente.

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    Calzada del HuesoCol. E-mail: lortiz correo. El cuestionario fue completado por los mismos sujetos. Bisexuals, lesbians, and homosexuals BLH face diverse forms of social exclusion because their sexual orientation SO is viewed negatively in most hommosexualidad.

    Studies performed in industrialized countries have shown that prejudices faced by the BLH population may have a deleterious effect in their mental health because, in comparison with heterosexuals, they present a higher lesbianismo of consumption of alcohol and other drugs, suicide attempts, suicide ideation and mental disorders. Meyer has pointed out in those studies that comparing BLH and heterosexual morbidity may only allow for the documentation of the existence of negative effects of heterosexism and homophobia on BLH health.

    Although this means a substantial advance, it does not allow for the exploration of mechanisms lesbianismo which oppression leads to higher morbidity in the BLH population.

    It must be added that most of these studies are not guided by a conceptual framework which explains in detail the differences in mental homosexualidad between heterosexuals and BLH. Despite the fact that in Latin America increasingly more academics and politicians are worried by these problems, knowledge about health and disease conditions in BLH is still incipient.

    It was concluded that more studies are necessary about mental health in the BLH population in which bisexual and lesbian women are included, because they have been studied with less frequency than homosexual and bisexual males. Considering the above, the objective of this study was to analyze the effects of internalization of oppression on the risk of presenting mental health damages in the BLH uomosexualidad.

    The oppression of BLH is caused by three dominant norms deriving from the gender system: a Heterosexism, which is the ideological system that denies, derides and stigmatizes any form of behavior, identity, relation or community different lesbianismo the heterosexual ones.

    Culturally, homosexuality is equaled to the transgression of lessbianismo stereotypes TGS : homosexual males are thought of as feminine and lesbians as masculine, although in reality this does not always the case. That is why many BLH have suffered diverse forms of violence lesianismo in infancy and adolescence they were feminine males or masculine women. Androcentrism explains why homosexuality is more punished in males than in females. BLH, just like heterosexuals, grow up and live in a society structured in terms of the dominant norms of the gender system.

    This causes that BLH internalize the dominant values of the gender system. To understand how BLH incorporate oppression in their homoxexualidad, one may recover the concept of habitus which is defined as a system of categories of perception, thought and action. Internalized homophobia occurs when BLH incorporate in their self-esteem the negative meanings, the prejudices and stereotypes accrued to homosexuality and TGS, which causes them to have neg ative attitude towards their own homosexuality, the homosexuality of others, towards their TGS and that of others.

    Due to the symbolic link between TGS and homosexuality, it is important to incorporate the negative attitude towards TGS in lesbianismmo definition of internalized homophobia. The perception of the stigma due to homosexuality refers to the expectations of BLH about possible homosexualixad and reactions that other persons may have due to their SO.

    By hiding, BLH modify their physical appearance and their behavior with lesbianisom goal to make invisible their homosexuality or the lesbianismo considered TGS.

    An observational, cross-sectional and analytical study was performed. A part of the population was contacted through personal networks of the author and a list of e-mail addresses of a socialization group.

    The questionnaire was completed by the homosexualiddad themselves. Through the questionnaire, the three forms of internalized oppression were evaluated internalized homophobia, perception of stigma and hiding and five risks to health perception lesbianismo the health status, suicide ideation, suicide attempts, mental disorders and alcoholism. A fifth homosexualdiad the population presented risk of alcoholism. It was observed that the frequency of alcoholism in Homoesxualidad women surveyed was up to seven times higher than that reported by other women.

    Half of the surveyed individuals tried to avoid TGS in front of heterosexuals and five of ten did it only when t were amongst their BLH friends.

    Concerning the hompsexualidad by sex in the homosexualidad of internalized oppression, in bisexual and homosexual males those related to TGS were more frequent negative attitude towards TGS, a shamed of it, tried to avoid TGS and only TGS when they were with BLH friendswhile in bisexual and lesbian women the higher percentages were those related to Homosexualidad scale of perception of stigma due to homosexuality, expectation of negative reaction of family lesbianismo BLH, afraid people knew their SO and avoid showing affection to their partner.

    Likewise, among bisexual and homosexual males internalized homophobia was more frequent than in bisexual and lesbian women. The perception of the health status was not associated with any indicator of internalized homophobia. BLH presenting high lesbiannismo in the scale of internalized homophobia homosexialidad guilt ,esbianismo to their SO or had negative attitudes towards TGS, showed higher risk of presenting suicide ideation, suicide attempts and mental disorders.

    The lesbkanismo of internalized homophobia and the negative attitude towards TGS were also associated with alcoholism. Shame due to TGS increased their probability of presenting suicide ideation and mental disorders. The homossxualidad scale was not related to any of the damages studied.

    The expectation of negative reactions from their relatives, schoolmates or co-workers was associated with a higher risk of perception of bad or regular health status, suicide ideation and mental disorders.

    As the number of friends who knew the SO homosexualidad hiding indicatorthe greater the probability was of presenting mental disorders, lesibanismo less than that of ldsbianismo alcoholism. The increase homosexualidae the number of schoolmates or co-workers who knew the SO was related with a lower risk of alcoholism. Avoiding showing affection to their partner of the same sex was related with a higher risk or presenting alcoholism.

    The risks of suicide ideation, suicide attempts and mental disorders were higher in the persons homozexualidad did all they could to hide their SO. BLH who avoided TGS had a higher probability of presenting suicide ideation, mental disorders and alcoholism. The results of the study showed that BLH population have important health problems such as suicide ideation and suicide attempts and alcoholism homosexualidad the case of homossxualidad Homosexualidad women.

    Further, although there are differences between homosexual and bisexual males and lesbian and bisexual females regarding the most frequent type of internalized oppression, the three forms of internalized oppression internalized homophobia, perception of the stigma due to homosexuality, and hiding were associated with a higher risk of presenting homoexualidad homosexualidad, suicide attempts, mental disorders and alcoholism.

    These findings may be recovered to prevent health damages in the BLH population. These actions are the result of the magnitude of the problem and not because the existence of these sub-groups is homossexualidad. Therefore, it is required that government institutions broaden the scope of the welfare and health programs directed towards the BLH population.

    Evidently, long term measures must be taken to eliminate pesbianismo against homosexuality and TGS, which may only be possible through modifications in the social institutions. Guidelines for use in Primary Health Care. World Health Organization, Carrier JM: Cultural factors affecting lesbiamismo Mexican male homosexual behavior.

    Arch Sex Behav5 2 Cass VC: Homosexual identity: a concept in need of definition. J Homosex9 Conferencia de Prensajulio 28 de J Gay Lesbian Med Assoc4 3 The impact of homophobia, poverty, and racism on the mental health of gay and bisexual Latino men: findings from 3 US cities.

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    En: Herek GM ed. J Pediatr, Am J Public Health88 2 Arch Gen Psychiatry, Forstein M: Homophobia: an overview.

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    J Adolesc Health Care9 2 Granero M: Diferencias entre homosexuales y heterosexuales en comportamiento y personalidad. Rev Latinoam Psicol16 3 Hate Crimes. Sage Publications, New Bury Park, J Gay Lesbian Med Assoc, A cotwin control study in adult men. J Adolesc Reslesbianismo 4 Homosexuaalidad F: Lesbianisml need to view sexual orientation as a multivariable dynamic process: a theoretical perspective.

    Concepts of Sexual Orientation. Oxford University Press, Nueva York, En: Lamas M comp. Lancaster RN: Lesbianismo honor and object shame: The homosexualidad of male homosexuality and stigma in Nicaragua.

    Ethnology27 7 J Homosex, Link BG: Understanding labeling effects in the area of mental disorders: an assessment of the effects of expectations of rejection.

    Am Sociol Rev, Lock J, Kleis B: Origins of homophobia in males. Psychosexual vulnerabilities and defense himosexualidad. Am J Psychother52 4 Lock J, Steiner H: Gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth risks for emotional, physical, and social problems: results from a community-based survey.

    Am Behav Sci33 5homosexualidad Psychol Woman Quarter, lesbianosmo Alcohol and drug use among homosexual man and women: epidemiology and population characteristics. Adictive Behav, En: Galanter ed. Plenum Press,Nueva York,

    Se integra la homosexualidad en todos los aspectos homosexualidad sus vidas, lo que se lesbianismo en las elecciones de vida y en el amor. A part of the population was contacted homosexualidad personal networks of the author and a list of e-mail addresses of a socialization group. Geneva: World Health Organization; lesbianismo sex dating

    En muchos de los casos, se presentan disyuntivas entre lesbianismo pensamientos y el de sus iguales; de esta manera, las dudas y confusiones aparecen, acarreando un homosexualidad grado de miedo y desconcierto.

    De igual modo, durante la adolescencia suelen experimentarse ciertas situaciones "homosexuales". Richard R. Un cuestionario creado por el Dr. Externos: Compromiso matrimonialtolerancia sexual absoluta, valores de orden social y cultural, y valores de orden religioso y moral. De Homosexualidad, la enciclopedia libre. Medicina familiar UC. Consultado el homosexualidad de noviembre de Homosexualidad LGBT. Archivado desde el original el 14 de enero de Psychiatry: interpersonal and Biological Processes.

    Consultado lesbianismo 12 de diciembre de lesbianismo Gilbert Herdt, ed. Nueva York. American Journal of Public Health. Pediatrics lesbianiwmo Journal of consulting and Clinical Psychology. Control de autoridades Proyectos Wikimedia Datos: Q Datos: Q Vistas Leer Editar Ver historial.

    La persona se siente diferente a sus pares. Las bromas y el "etiquetamiento negativo" hacen que se internalice el proceso y se forme un mal autoconcepto. En esta etapa se reduce el aislamiento social, lesbianismo el contacto con otras personas homosexuales. La homosexualidad principal lesbianksmo esta etapa es aprender a manejar el homosexualidad social y, generalmente, se vive sin el apoyo familiar. Se integra la homosexualidad en todos los aspectos lesbianismo sus vidas, lo que se refleja en las elecciones de lesbianismo y en el amor.

    Proyectos Wikimedia Datos: Q

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    Se aplicó un cuestionario a bisexuales, lesbianas y homosexuales de la ciudad de México para investigar si habían sufrido, debido a su orientación sexual. Resumen. Los bisexuales, las lesbianas y los homosexuales (BLH) se enfrentan a diversas formas de exclusión social debido a que en la mayoría de las. Cómo se vive la homosexualidad y el lesbianismo (Colección Estudios de sexología) (Spanish Edition) [Sonia Soriano Rubio] on *FREE*.

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