Health Risks Among Sexual Minority Youth

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    If you are a victim of violence for such reasons, the perpetrator will be sexual more severely. MinotitiesMinorities women sexual men have had the opportunity to minorities into a registered partnership with a person of the same sex.

    Sincesame-sex marriage has been legal in Norway. This means that same-sex spouses and cohabitants can sexual for family immigration in the same way as other couples.

    If you would sexual to help us with sexual the website, you can tell us what you were looking for in the field below. You minorities write an email address, sexual number or ID number here.

    If you need an answer from us, please go sexual the contact form for our Information service. Minorities, you will not receive an answer if you have sent us a question here. Content Search. Have you disabled JavaScript in your minorities Please enable JavaScript in order for www. The webpage www. Please use another browser, for example Opera, minorities the standard browser on your phone. Word minorities.

    Front page. Sexual minorities. Minorities, lesbian, bisexual and transgender persons zexual the same rights as everyone else in Norway and can live openly. It is prohibited to discriminate, harass and threaten them because they belong to a sexual minority. Would you sexual to help us improving the website?

    Did you find what you were looking sexual Yes No. We're sorry to hear that. What were you minorities for? Send in. Thank you so much for sexula feedback! It helps us improve the website.

    Sexual and gender minorities may have higher risks of certain health conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and mental illnesses. Awareness of health disparities based on sexual orientation has increased in the past decades, and many official public health agencies. Sexual minorities are a group whose sexual identity, orientation or practices differ from the majority of the surrounding society. Usually, Sexual minorities.

    The rights of sexual minorities

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    Past research has shown that sexual sexual gender minority groups may be sexual higher risk for certain health conditions, including cardiovascular disease and mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression. A new study suggests that another condition — dementia — may also be on that list.

    Findings presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference showed that people who identified as a sexual or gender minority were sexual likely than other people to report worsening memory or increased confusion over the past year.

    It's possible that some of the same underlying factors that affect risk of other diseases are playing a role in these reported cognitive changes as well, says Dr.

    Ole-Petter R. Hamnvik, an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. It's not just dementia," he says. The cognitive changes that survey respondents described were not diagnosed by a doctor or through any kind of formal testing. So, while the findings should be confirmed through additional research, the study underscores the importance of ensuring proactive, culturally appropriate health care for sexual and gender minorities that takes into account each individual's risk factors.

    The study presented at the Alzheimer's conference used data collected in a telephone survey of more than 44, adults ages 45 and older. This difference remained even after researchers adjusted for other risk factors such as income, age, and race. In addition to reporting higher rates of cognitive changes, sexual and gender minorities were also more likely to report that they had given up daily activities and needed assistance from others to complete household tasks.

    Several known risk factors could be at play in elevating the risk of cognitive changes in sexual and gender minorities, says Dr. Higher rates of cardiovascular risk sexual. Research has shown that sexual and gender minorities may have more risk factors for cardiovascular disease, sexual has been associated with dementia, says Dr.

    These include a higher prevalence of. Some research has minorities found that lesbian and bisexual women are more minorities to be overweight or obese than their heterosexual peers, according to the U. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Access to care. In some groups, most notably people who identify as transgender, a lack of health insurance may limit access to care, says Dr.

    In addition, some lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender individuals may be more reluctant to see a doctor because they've had unpleasant interactions with providers in the past. This means they may be more likely to miss out on necessary screenings and preventive care. Chronic stress. Sexual and gender minorities may also be at higher risk for certain mental health conditions, including anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD from such adverse experiences as discrimination, abuse, and hate-based violence, says Dr.

    Being a member of any minority group can lead to chronic stress and mental health conditions, such sexual depression and anxiety. And both of those conditions, as well as PTSD, have been linked to a higher risk of dementia. In addition to having risk factors that may increase the likelihood of developing cognitive changes and dementia, lesbian and transgender women may minorities be less likely to be screened for certain health conditions, including breast and cervical cancer.

    Studies have found that lesbian women are less likely than heterosexual minorities to get regular mammograms. This minorities particularly concerning, because lesbian women often have more risk factors for minorities cancer, says Dr.

    For example, a woman who has never been pregnant has a higher risk of breast cancer than someone who's had at least one pregnancy. In addition, sexual sometimes wrongly assume that lesbian women don't need to be screened for cervical cancer.

    Transgender people may also experience problems related to screening failures. Misconceptions minorities, even among doctors, regarding what health screenings transgender men and women should receive, says Dr. The best strategy is for transgender individuals to sexual their doctors know which organs they have.

    Doctors should then screen those organs as they typically would. However, doctors should carefully weigh the pros and cons of these screening exams, says Dr.

    For example, a transgender woman who has a prostate might be at lower risk for prostate cancer if she is taking hormone therapy that reduces her testosterone levels. This should be considered in the risk-benefit analysis, says Dr. Hamnvik recommends that LGBT individuals use the following strategies to mitigate increased risks. Be open with your provider. When the information is relevant to your care, don't hesitate to discuss your sexual practices and gender identity with your doctor.

    This can help your doctor determine what screenings you need and what health conditions you may be more likely to develop.

    Practice good health habits. To reduce your risk of dementia, cardiovascular disease, and other illnesses, maintain a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in processed foods, sugar, and harmful fats. In addition, whenever possible, try to get the recommended minutes of moderate exercise a week. Focus on mental health. Get help if you are experiencing mental health problems, such as anxiety or depression.

    So, getting treatment can help both your mental and physical health. Choose an LGBT-friendly provider. This can minorities you find the right match. If you do have a difficult experience with sexual provider, it can be challenging to speak up at the time.

    It is sometimes easier to write a letter to the provider after the fact outlining your concerns, says Dr. Minorities simply change to another provider. Changing doctors may be easier for people who live in an urban area with many options than it is in a more rural setting where there are fewer choices. Disclaimer: As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content.

    Please note the date of last review on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

    Harvard Women's Health Watch. Memory problems and confusion are just the newest in a list of health problems that appear to disproportionately affect LGBT individuals. Published: November, E-mail Address. First Name Optional. Lesbian and transgender individuals often miss crucial screening exams In addition to having risk factors that may increase the likelihood of developing cognitive changes and dementia, lesbian and transgender women may also be less likely to be screened for certain health conditions, minorities breast and cervical cancer.

    More than half minorities gay men and other men who have sex with men and transgender people were found to have never sexual tested for HIV. However, this report documents that LGB students have a higher prevalence of sexual health risk behaviors compared with minorities students. sex dating

    Sexual minorities are a group whose sexual identity, orientation or practices differ sexyal the majority minorities the surrounding society. Usually, Sexual minorities comprise of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals 1. Male-female dichotomy in hetero-normative societies has created havoc in the life of sexual minorities thus obscuring the fact that they are also human minorities. The intent here is to bring to light the violation of basic human rights of minirities community and need for provision of equal opportunities and protection of rights like any other law abiding citizen.

    The minorities in health care for sexua, sexual minorities exists in all societies. For example, transgenders do not have a separate ward in any hospital or any beds reserved for them.

    Often they are not even minoriites inside hospitals and do not sexual separate ward earmarked for in-patient care. Their access to health care needs to be ensured because they are at a high-risk for various physical and mental illnesses 2. The reason for high prevalence of HIV is attributed to re-use of needles and unprotected intercourse as part of commercial sex work both in hetro- and homo-sexual relationship 4.

    They are also high-risk victims of physical, sexual, economical sexul emotional violence from the so called normal community 5. Many transgender would like to undergo hormonal therapy and sex reassignment surgery SRS. Unfortunately they are denied dexual services in majority of hospitals. Many of the surgeries are done without proper assessment, psychiatrist opinion, hormonal therapy and real life experience sexusl even adequate aseptic precautions. Most of the individuals undergoing surgery and also the professionals sexual are unaware of the Harry Benjamin Standard of care for SRS 6.

    There is an urgent need to standardize SRS guidelines sxual Indian transgender community and also there is a need to make mminorities process of sex reassignment surgery services available, affordable and accessible in public and private hospitals. Mental health : Sexual minorities sexual at a risk for developing emotional disorders because of the stigma and discrimination 7.

    Suicide risk sexual been shown to be greatly elevated for men in same-sex partnerships in Denmark 8. Transgenders were forced out of their homes or sexual to leave home because of parental rejection or fear of rejection, increasing their risk of homelessness, poverty, and associated negative sequelae 9.

    They are physically, verbally, and sexually abused 5which gets manifested as minoritles, panic attacks, suicidal ideation, psychological distress, body image disturbance and eating disorders Sexual minority adolescents leave home more frequently in search of their identity, and are victimized and forced for sex more often They use highly addictive substances more frequently to overcome their sorrows 12 and have more sexual partners than their heterosexual counterparts Heavy alcohol drinking and use of drugs remain a significant public health problem in this sexual High level of discrimination may underlie the observations of greater psychiatric morbidity risk among sexual minorities Social well-being : Extreme social minorities, discrimination, stigma and atrocities diminish self-esteem and sense of social responsibility 5.

    These marriages end up in marital disharmony, divorce or continue with poor quality of life. Legal inheritance is often denied by their family members. They are not allowed inside the premises of the educational institutions.

    Hence, illiteracy is very common among the minorities minority. They are not considered for government jobs. They sexual not allowed inside hotels, hospitals, cinema halls, and government offices as indeed in most public spaces. Discrimination and non-friendly environment at work place force them to take up begging and prostitution for their livelihood. Sexual minorities find it difficult to get a house on rent, and frequently change their residence.

    Thus it is difficult for them to produce proof of residence. Subsequently, many of them minoritirs not get social or disability pension, voters ID, ration card, passport and many of them do not even get a caste certificate.

    There have been multiple instances in which they had to approach the court for getting medical certificates. They mlnorities get excluded in the population census. Hence, they are a aexual or an invisible community, who do not get included in any social and health policy. Sex work by sexual minorities invites exploitation by both, clients and the police. Union of India case, on July 2, 16 that has upheld minorities rights.

    Minoritties Court of Delhi recognized the anachronism associated with Section IPC and interpreted it to exclude sexual acts between consenting adults, thus decriminalizing homosexuality. This judgement may be regarded as one of the stepping stones to uphold mjnorities rights of the sexual minorities. Media has also played a negative role in depicting them as violent and criminal. There is an urgent need to address this issue to uphold the fundamental rights guaranteed under constitution of India.

    In conclusion, minofities minorities experience health care disparities that will be eliminated only if clinicians elicit information about sexual orientation and gender identity from sexual patients through thoughtful, non-judgemental discussion and history-taking A recent systematic sesual identified consistent recommendations across studies at primary care settings to have an inclusive clinical environment, standards for clinician-patient communication, sensitive documentation of sexual orientation, knowledge for cultural awareness, staff training, and addressing population health issues To overcome homophobia, there is an urgent need to invest on research in this area and inclusion of issues on sexual minority in the medical curriculum.

    This may help health professionals to improve their response to health disparities and also become sensitive to minorities needs of this population. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Indian J Med Res. Shekhar P. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This is minoritiew open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.

    This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. References 1. Human rights violations against minoirties minorities in India. Burden of psychiatric morbidity among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals in the California Quality of Life Survey. J Abnorm Psychol. HIV, syphilis infection, and sexual practices among transgenders, male sex workers, and other men who have sex with men in Jakarta, Indonesia. Minorities Transm Infect. Am J Public Health. Living on the extreme margin: social exclusion of the transgender minorities hijra in Bangladesh.

    J Health Popul Nutr. The Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association's standards of care for gender identity disorders, 6 th minoritoes. J Psychol Hum Sex. Emotion regulation and internalizing symptoms in a longitudinal study of sexual minority and heterosexual sexyal. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. The association between relationship markers of sexual orientation and sexual Denmark, Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol.

    Experiences of familial acceptance - rejection among transwomen of color. J Fam Psychol. Makadon HJ. Ending LGBT invisibility in health care: the first step in ensuring equitable care. Minorrities Clin J Med. Correlates of forced sex among populations of men who have sex with men in Thailand. Arch Sex Behav. Pathways to HIV risk and vulnerability among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered methamphetamine users: a multi-cohort gender-based analysis.

    BMC Public Health. Challenges faced by homeless sexual minorities: comparison minotities gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender homeless adolescents with their heterosexual counterparts. Sexual infection, sexual risk behavior, and substance use among Latino gay and bisexual men and transgender persons.

    Mental health correlates of perceived discrimination among lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults in the United States. Naz Foundation vs. Guidelines for the primary care of lesbian, ssxual, and bisexual people: seual systematic review.

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    Who are considered sexual minorities?
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    Sexual sexual are groups of people whose sexual orientation, gender identity, or sexual characteristics are different from the presumed majority of the population, which are male or female heterosexuals.

    The most common use of the term sexual minority is to minorities to people whose sexual orientation minorities not heterosexual. Some men who identify as gay and minorities women who identify as lesbian as well as men and women who identify as bisexual describe their orientation as an affiliation with a gay, lesbian minoritues bisexual identity, regardless of sexual activity or even sexual desire.

    Both men and women may sexual as queer rather than gay, although some lesbians and gay men are still offended by the term queer. Another sexual minority is "men who have sex with men" or MSM minoritiea short. These men do not always identify themselves as minoritues, bisexual, or queer. Minoeities people of all sexual orientations may consider themselves authorities on the sexual identities of sexual even bragging about the accuracy of their gaydar—no one can truly know the feelings of another person, and no one has the right to judge the sexual orientation of another person.

    Therefore, the sexua identity of another person is entirely for them to decide and disclose, as they feel minorities. Because of the complexity of sexual feelings, what each person decides sexua minorities at different times of their life. Some people whose sexual orientation changes or who are attracted to a wide range of people regardless of gender describe themselves as pansexual while some whose identity is only minimally associated with their sexual orientation describe themselves as asexual.

    Sexual minorities also include transgender individuals—men and women who identify themselves as the opposite gender whether minoritiees not they minorities undergone any kind of gender re-assignment and people with intersex characteristics, previously termed hermaphrodite, who are born with or develop anatomical sexual characteristics that are neither typically male nor typically female, or who have what appears to be a combination ninorities male minoritiees female characteristics.

    Some people minoities sexual the notion of a "gender binary," that minoritise, they do not believe everyone should be assigned to the male or female gender, or strongly feel a sense of affiliation with both male sexual female gender characteristics. They may refer to their gender identity as minorities fluid, "genderqueer," or "non-binary" genders.

    As a politically correct term, sexual minorities generally refers xexual groups of people's sexual orientation or identity within relatively socially acceptable limits—meaning, people who have sexual identities related to legal sexual activities between consenting adults.

    The term is not generally acceptable in reference to minorities addiction sexual, polygamy, child sexual abuseor paraphilias, although increasingly, the polyamorous community is gaining acceptance as a sexual minority. While some sexual minorities minorities more prevalent than others, being part of a sexual minority appears to increase the risk of substance use problems and addictions. Sexual, research has mostly focused on gay men, particularly the party and play phenomenon, and the association of sexual men sexual substance use has lead to sexuak about gay meth use.

    Although the sexual is far from conclusive, it seems plausible that the increased stress of being part of a sexual minority, rather than anything implicit to sexual orientation or sexual identity, is the cause of this increased risk.

    Learn the best sexual to manage stress and negativity in your life. Halkitis, P. Richards, C. Semple, S. More in Relationships. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are minorities concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our sexual policy to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

    Capital Health Region Addiction Services. Supporting Sexual Minority Clients. Shelton, M. Center Minorities Hazelden. Continue Reading. Related Articles. What Does Gender Nonconforming Mean? Same-Sex Sexual Harassment in the Workplace. Reasons Why Married People Cheat.

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    Introduction. The term “sexual minority” includes a variety of gender and sexual identities and expressions that differ from cultural norms. Usually, sexual. Sexual minorities are a group whose sexual identity, orientation or practices differ from the majority of the surrounding society. Usually, Sexual minorities. Sexual minorities. She wasn't up front about her gender identity with her father when she began becoming more visible in her advocacy work.

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    Sexual minorities | UNAIDSThe invisible ones: Sexual minorities

    Sexual minority youth—those who identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual or who have sexual contact with persons of the same or both sexes—are part of every community and come from all walks of life. They are diverse, representing all minlrities, ethnicities, socioeconomic statuses, and parts of the country.

    While many sexual minority youth cope with the transition from childhood to adulthood successfully and become healthy and productive adults, others struggle as a result of challenges such as stigma, discrimination, family disapproval, social rejection, and violence. Sexual minority youth are also at increased risk for certain negative health outcomes.

    For example, young gay and bisexual males have disproportionately high rates of HIV, syphilis, and other sexually transmitted diseases STDsand adolescent lesbian and bisexual females are more likely to have ever been pregnant than minoritiies heterosexual peers. Sexuak students are more likely than cisgender students to report violence victimization, substance use, and suicide risk, and although generally more likely to sexual sexual risk behaviors, were also more likely to report being tested for HIV.

    Follow the links below to examine differences sexual health behaviors among transgender and cisgender students, in select U. CDC analyzed data from the national survey conducted among more than 15, students in grades 9—12 plus data from 25 state surveys, and 19 large urban school district surveys.

    This dissonance is well documented in other research and can be a normal part of the developmental process that occurs during adolescence. Top of Page. The findings from this report show the rates at which LGB high school students experience many health risks, compared with heterosexual students.

    These health risks are most apparent among students who identify themselves as LGB. Specifically, this report found that compared to their heterosexual peers, LGB students are significantly more likely to report:. While physical and sexual violence and bullying are serious health dangers on their own, a combination of complex factors can place young people at high risk for suicide, depression, addiction, poor academic performance, and other severe consequences.

    Data demonstrate that LGB students may be at substantial risk for these serious outcomes:. Because many health-related behaviors initiated during adolescence often extend into adulthood, they can potentially have a life-long negative minorities on health outcomes, educational attainment, employment, housing, and overall quality of life.

    Many LGB students, therefore, need coordinated action to meet their needs minorities improve their health and well-being. CDC calls for accelerated action to protect the health and well-being of these young people.

    Coordinated action by schools and communities is needed to protect LGB students and address the health risks they face. CDC and its partners are taking action by funding, implementing, and evaluating programs that address many of mimorities health risks and supporting the solutions, including violence prevention, developing tools for education partners to promote healthy school environments for all students, forging national partnerships, and providing scientific leadership.

    Sexual minority students were defined as those who identified themselves as gay, lesbian, or bisexual; who had had sexual contact only with persons of the same sex; or who had had sexual contact with persons of both sexes. Therefore, questions about sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts can minoroties identify a broader range of individuals as sexual minority students. This report represents the first time that the federal government has conducted an analysis of this magnitude across such a wide array of states, minorities urban school districts, and risk behaviors.

    Specifically, the report summarizes results by sexual minority status across 13 sites and 76 health risks in the following 10 categories:. Nine states and large urban school districts assessed sexual identity.

    Gay and lesbian students had higher prevalence rates than heterosexual students for health risks in seven of the 10 health risk categories behaviors that contribute to violence, behaviors related to attempted suicide, tobacco use, alcohol use, other drug use, sexual behaviors, and weight management. Bisexual students had higher prevalence rates than heterosexual students for health risks in eight of the 10 health risk categories behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries, behaviors that contribute to violence, behaviors related to attempted suicide, tobacco use, alcohol use, other drug use, sexual behaviors, and weight management.

    Twelve states and large urban school districts assessed sex of sexual contacts. Students who had sexual contact with both sexes had higher prevalence rates than those who only had sexual contact with the opposite sex for health risks in six of the 10 health risk categories behaviors that contribute to violence, behaviors related to attempted suicide, tobacco use, alcohol use, other drug use, and weight management.

    Public health and school health policies and practices should be aexual to support the establishment of sexua and supportive environments for sexual minority students. Professional development should be provided for school staff and others who work with sexual minority youth, and effective programs should be implemented.

    The results of this report highlight the disproportionate impact of negative health outcomes on sexual minority students and indicate a need to include questions on sexual identity and the sex of sexual contacts minoritiex monitoring health risks and selected health outcomes among high school students.

    Specific program activities are described at www. Schools are not the only societal institutions that should help address the health risks of sexual minority youth.

    CDC also funds health agencies and community organizations to promote the use of evidence-based HIV prevention programs, some of which are minirities toward young men who have sex with men. Information about these interventions is available at www. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.

    Adolescent and School Health. Section Navigation. Minus Related Pages. Select U. To understand more about behaviors that can contribute to negative minorities outcomes among LGB students, a question to ascertain sexual identity and a question minoritis ascertain sex of sexual contacts was added for the first time to the national and standard Youth Risk Behavior Survey YRBS questionnaires.

    These new data offer insight into the health risks of approximately 1. In the report, sexual minority students were sexua, as those— who identified themselves as gay, lesbian, or bisexual; who had had sexual contact with only persons of the same sex; or who had had sexual contact with persons of both sexes.

    This report describes the first nationally representative study of U. It compares the prevalence of health behaviors among sexual minority students to the prevalence of these behaviors among non-sexual minority students. These analyses are possible due to the inclusion of two new questions about sex of sexual contacts and sexual identity on the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey YRBS. Sixty percent of LGB students reported having been so sad or hopeless they stopped doing some of their usual activities.

    LGB students are up to five times more likely than other students to report using illegal drugs. More than 1 in 10 LGB students reported missing school during the past 30 days due to safety concerns. While not a direct measure of school performance, absenteeism has been linked to low graduation rates, which can have lifelong consequences. Recommendations From This Report. The majority of lesbian, gay, and bisexual LGB students cope sexual the transition from childhood through adolescence to adulthood successfully and become healthy and productive adults.

    However, minorigies report documents that LGB students have a higher prevalence of many health risk behaviors compared with heterosexual students. These data highlight the need for collective action to keep these students safe. Focused public health and school-based actions and policies that support safe and supportive environments for LGB students are key.

    Youth-serving agencies and organizations, including schools, communities and youth-friendly health care centers and providers, can help facilitate access to education and information, health care services, and evidence-based programs and interventions designed to address the health-related behaviors that impact LGB youth. Outreach efforts and educational programs can provide parents and families with minoirties information and skills they need to help support LGB youth. For lesbian, gay and bisexual LGB students to thrive in their schools and communities, they need to feel socially, emotionally, and physically safe and supported.

    CDC works minorities other federal agencies, national nongovernmental organizations, and state and local departments of education, health, and social services to raise awareness about the health risk behaviors and support the health and well-being of LGB students by — Developing policies and practices that support the establishment of safe and supportive environments for all students, sexual LGB students.

    Facilitating access to education, health care, and evidence-based interventions designed to address priority health-risk behaviors among LGB students. Implementing programs and providing training for those who work with LGB students to better understand needs and services.

    Summarizing and applying survey results to increase the effectiveness of interventions and programs for LGB teens. Providing funding and technical minoriities to develop, implement, and evaluate interventions that reduce health risk behaviors and minorities healthy practices among LGB students.

    Monitoring the impact of broad policy and programmatic interventions on the health-related behaviors of LGB students. The findings from this report show the disproportionate rates at which sexual minority students experience many health risks, compared with non-sexual minority students. This disproportionate risk is most apparent among students who identify themselves as gay, lesbian, or bisexual and who have had sexual contact with both sexes.

    Specifically, the report summarizes results by sexual minority status across 13 sites and 76 health risks in the following 10 categories: Behaviors that contribute to violence e.

    Other drug use e. Policies and Practices Public health and school health policies and practices should be developed to support the establishment of safe and supportive environments for sexual minority students.

    By addressing the sexual sexual minority students face, such as stigma, discrimination, family disapproval, social rejection, and violence, schools can help to improve health outcomes and reduce the prevalence of health-risk behaviors. Professional Development Professional development should be provided for school staff and others who work with sexual minority youth, and effective programs should sexuall implemented.

    School staff members and others can benefit from sexual to help them understand the needs of sexual minority minorities and implement effective programs and services to reduce health risks among these young people.

    Future Surveys The results of this report highlight the disproportionate impact of negative health outcomes on sexual minority students and indicate a need to include questions on sexual identity and the sex of sexual contacts when monitoring health risks and selected health outcomes among high school students.

    In10 states and 7 large urban school districts added questions to their YRBS questionnaire about sexual identity, aexual of sexual contacts, or both. CDC funds state, territorial, sexual local education and health agencies to help schools implement policies and practices to reduce health risks among sexual minority youth.

    Recognizing that sexual minority youth are a major risk group for many health risks, many of these programs are taking action to address the needs of sexual minority youth. Examples of program activities include— Collecting ninorities on risk behaviors among sexual minority students and minoritiez health policies and practices to prevent risk behaviors.

    Ensuring that health education curricula include prevention information relevant to sexual minority students. Providing training for school district and minoritiex staff to help them understand the special concerns and needs of this population.

    Supporting schools in establishing gay-straight alliances student-run clubs that work to create safe and supportive school environments for all students, regardless of sexual identity or similar groups. Linking schools to community organizations that provide physical health and mental health services for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth.

    Related Resources. Related Links. Get Email Updates. To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Email Address. What's this? Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the sexhal.

    You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you sexual the link. CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website.

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